Effect of Sacroiliac Joint Mobilization on Lumbar Pain and Function in Patients with Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain

Justinas Jarulaitis, Edgaras Lapinskas

Abstract


Research background. About 30% of lumbar pain is caused by sacroiliac joint disfunction (Alayat et al., 2017). The problem often becomes chronic lower back pain of about 10–23% of people around the world (Diaz-Cerrillo et al., 2017). As a result, the lumbar function and muscle endurance decrease. Research aim was to investigate sacroiliac joint mobilization effect of lumbar pain and function on patients with chronic non-specifc lumbar pain. Methods. Twenty people who felt chronic non-specifc lumbar pain and had sacroiliac joint disfunction were investigated in this research. Research methods were VAS pain scale, Measurement of lumbar range of motion and Lumbar muscle stamina tests. Results. The results of the study showed that pain decreased in the study group from score 3.31 ± 0.56 to 1.38 ± 0.39 (p < 0.05). The torso muscle dynamics and isometric endurance and torso amplitude improved (p < 0.05), comparing values before and after treatment. In the control group, the pain after treatment decreased from score 3.02 ± 0.23 to 1.27 ± 0.36 (p < 0.05). The torso muscle dynamics and isometric endurance and torso amplitude improved (p < 0.05), comparing values before and after treatment. Conclusion. The spinal stabilization exercises together with sacroiliac joint mobilization are a more effective treatment than spinal stabilization exercises alone. In addition to this, average pain level decreased, function of lumbar part of spine as well as lumbar muscle stamina increased.

Keywords: sacroiliac joint mobilization, chronic non-specifc lumbar pain, functional lumbar indicators.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33607/rmske.v2i19.758