Parents’ Perceptions of the Importance of Physical Activity and their Children´S Ability
Background. It is well known that parents influence physical activity of their children. Determining the factors
related to parents’ perception of the importance of physical activity and physical fitness enables enhancing the
promotion of physical activity among children in the future.
Methods. A total of 237 parents of children aged between 5 and 10 years participated in the study. Confirmatory
factor analysis was used to estimate factor structure of the questionnaire “Parents Perceptions of the Importance
of Physical Activity and Their Children´s Ability Questionnaire”. To investigate the differences between groups
Independent-sample t-test was used. Cohen’s d was used to estimate effect size.
Results. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the eight-issue two-factorial model psychometric parameters
were acceptable in order to assess parents’ perception of the importance of physical activity and ability (RMSEA =
.072; NFI = .97; CFI = .98; NNFI = .98). Parents who were physically active in the past and were active in the present
evaluated the importance of physical activity more than inactive parents. Parents’ assessments of the importance of
physical activity and ability were not significantly different depending on parents’ education, university or secondary/
Conclusion. The questionnaire used is a valid measure of parents´ assessments of the importance of physical
activity and physical ability of the Estonian school students. The questionnaire enables us to identify parents’
assessments of the importance of physical activity and physical ability, which may be considered as one of the factors
related to children’s physical activity.
Keywords: parents’ evaluations, physical activity, children, confirmation factor analysis
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