Movement Games in Various Kinds of Sport (Experiences of Coaches Studying at Lase)
Background. Practice game contributes to the development of coordinated motor skills needed for later game
playing or sport. When coaches know and use movement games corresponding to the specific sport to increase
athlete’s interest and pleasure about sport and sport pedagogue’s knowledge about the scientifically based movement
games, they promote the acquisition of skills at higher levels. Research aim was to ascertain the knowledge of
coaches about movement games in sport classes, in order to research the use of movement games in the training
process in different sports and to investigate how games are applied in the training process in Latvia.
Methods. The methods of research were analysis of the literature corresponding to the research problem,
questionnaire and discussions with coaches, statistical methods. The study was conducted in 2010 – 2012 in Riga,
LASE. There were 96 research participants – simultaneously practicing coaches and the extramural students of the
Results. In the study process we investigated and evaluated the knowledge of coaches and their opinions
regarding movement games: development of physical abilities, improvement of the sport technique, development of
social skills, and the experience in using movement games in training classes. Responses to the first three questions
were compared with those obtained in the questionnaire survey in 1994.
Conclusions. The questionnaire survey showed that coaches were willing to apply movement games. Some
of them also were sceptic about using movement games in sport activities; 94% admitted that games facilitated
physical abilities, 87.5% agreed that games aided in the development of sport techniques, and 85% of respondents
were confident that games contributed to building up social skills. In the questionnaire of 1994, the number of those
who considered that games were essential in training was similar to those in the questionnaire survey of 2012 –
respectively 80 and 84%. In total, movement games were applied by 61% of different sports coaches (1994) in
comparison with 79% today. Changes in indices were statistically significant (p < .05). Even 18% more respondents
gave preference to games in the questionnaire survey of 2012 than in the questionnaire survey of 1994.
Keywords: coaches, questionnaire survey, knowledge, movement games.
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