Efficiency of Orthopaedic Brace with Laser on Knee Joint Function, Pain and Swelling

Authors

  • Tomas Indriulionis
  • Juozas Raistenskis
  • Kęstutis Saniukas
  • Rūta Garšvienė
  • Viktorija Zacharenko
  • Viktoras Vaičikauskas
  • Sigitas Kamandulis
  • Audrius Sniečkus
  • Vida Janina Česnaitienė
  • Dovilė Kielė
  • Neringa Baranauskienė
  • Nerijus Eimantas
  • Rima Solianik
  • Mantas Mickevičius
  • Albertas Skurvydas
  • Vytautas Streckis
  • Renata Žumbakytė Šermukšnienė

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v3i98.89

Abstract

Background. The effectiveness of outpatient mobile laser intervention on specific treatment goals has not been
fully explored. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine the effect of orthopaedic knee brace with laser on knee
joint function, pain and swelling.
Methods. Volunteers were divided into two experimental groups: chronic pain (n = 20, knee pain > 6 months)
and acute pain (n = 20, knee pain < 1 week), and one control (n = 20, placebo) group. Subjects in all groups were
immobilized in a knee brace for 4 weeks. In addition, the experimental groups underwent low-intensity laser therapy,
whereas control group underwent pseudo-laser therapy, every second day for 10 min. The sequences of the tests
were as follows: (a) clinical assessments and evaluation of knee extension and flexion amplitude, swelling, Lysholm
subjective assessment questionnaire, VAS pain scale, (b) evaluation of balance using Kistler platform, (c) muscle
peak torque and isometric torque variability assessment using isokinetic dynamometry. All tests were performed
twice - before and after intervention.
Results. Knee brace with laser is effective treatment for the reduction of pain, swelling, and recovering of daily
functions (p < .05). Operation of the complex device is particularly effective in treating knee pain in the acute period
(p < .05).
Conclusions.  Knee  brace  with  laser  therapy  in  the  rehabilitation  period  ensures  faster  healing  of  patients
compared to wearing only knee brace, particularly in acute pain, while muscle strength and proprioception remains
depressed.

Keywords:  mobile laser therapy, range of motion, swelling, muscle strength, proprioception.

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Published

2018-05-03

How to Cite

Indriulionis, T., Raistenskis, J., Saniukas, K., Garšvienė, R., Zacharenko, V., Vaičikauskas, V., Kamandulis, S., Sniečkus, A., Česnaitienė, V. J., Kielė, D., Baranauskienė, N., Eimantas, N., Solianik, R., Mickevičius, M., Skurvydas, A., Streckis, V., & Šermukšnienė, R. Žumbakytė. (2018). Efficiency of Orthopaedic Brace with Laser on Knee Joint Function, Pain and Swelling. Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 3(98). https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v3i98.89

Issue

Section

Health, Rehabilitation and Adapted Physical Activity