The Effectiveness of Non-Formal Physical Education Curriculum for the Physical Development of 11-13-Year-Old Children
Background. This study aims to develop and implement a curriculum of non-formal physical education in
school and assess its effectiveness for the physical development of 11−13-year-old children.
Methods. The research was conducted in two stages. In the first stage 51 fifth grade children (M age = 11.3 years)
participated in a quasi-experiment for two years. The children were organized into two groups: E and C. Both groups
shared the duration (1 hour) and frequency (twice a week) but were different in their education curriculum. In the
second stage (after four years) 72 sixth graders (M age = 13.0) participated from the same comprehensive schools.
The focus groups underwent anthropometric (height, weight, BMI) and physiometric (VC, right and left handgrip
strength) measurements. Dependent t test indicated that over two years E and C group girls’ and boys’ height, weight,
right and left handgrip strength indices increased significantly, p < .05.
Results. E group girls’ and boys’ BMI and C group girls’ VC indices did not change significantly, p > .05.
Independent t test indicated that in the second research stage differences in anthropometric and physiometric
measurements of groups were not significant, p > .05.
Conclusion. The developed and implemented curriculum of non-formal education in the schools had the biggest
positive effect on the decrease of 11−13-year-old children’s levels of BMI and the increase in the VC levels.
Keywords: 11−13-year-old children, non-formal physical education, physical development.
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