Relationship between Women`s Body Dissatisfaction, Sense of Coherence and Physical Activity
Background. Socio-cultural pressure exerted by the environment and the media makes the majority of women
take care of their bodies. That is especially true in Western culture which promotes slimmer women in recent decades.
Methods. Two questionnaires were used in this research: Body Shape Questionnaire and Sense of Coherence
scale. Research participants were 79 women aged 34.6 ± 3.76 years.
Results. After six months of regular fitness classes women’s satisfaction of their body and their sense coherence
level improved significantly. Relations between body shape dissatisfaction and sense of coherence, body shape
dissatisfaction and manageability, comprehensibility and manageability were found.
Conclusions. Systematic fitness training positively affects women’s satisfaction with their body. Understanding
of the capability of controlling their body shape was improved. There was a significant relationship between
dissatisfaction with their body shape and sense of coherence. The effect of physical activity improved the values
of all three components of the sense of coherence construct. The values of comprehensibility, meaningfulness and
manageability indicators show that respondents may already have a better control of their sense of coherence.
Keywords: women, body shape dissatisfaction, sense of coherence, physical activity
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