Relations of Body Voluminosity and Indicators of Muscularity with Physical Performance of Police Employees: Pilot Study
Background. Activities like running, push-ups and sit-ups may be impacted by a higher body volume and size whether it is due to the amount of fat mass (FM) or skeletal muscle mass (SMM). The purpose of this study was to investigate the diﬀerences in physical performance among muscularly developed police employees with higher body mass index (BMI) levels. Methods. Twenty (n = 20) male police employees were divided in 3 groups by BMI but defned by significantly diﬀerent skeletal muscle mass index (SMMI): muscular (n = 7, BMI < 25 kg/m2, SMMI ≥ 13.16 kg/m2), very muscular (n = 7, BMI = 25–27.5 kg/m2, SMMI = 13.17–14.10 kg/m2), and highly muscular (n = 6, BMI > 27.5 kg/m2, SMMI ≥ 14.10 kg/m2). Body composition components (FM, SMM, percent of fat mass [PFM], percent of skeletal musclemass [PSMM], SMMI) were assessed by multichannel bioelectrical impedance. The diﬀerences in performance of the 50-meter sprint run (RU50), 1-minute push-up (PU), 1-minute sit-up (SU), and 800-meter run (RU800) between BMI groups were statistically tested by a univariate analysis of variance with a Bonferroni post-hoc test. Results. Highly muscular participants performed fewer SU than muscular (8.14 repetitions, p = .004) and very muscular (6.42 repetitions, p = .021) participants, and run slower on RU800 test (52.57 s, p = .034 and 51.71 s, p =.038, respectively). Conclusion. Physical performance may be negatively impacted in highly muscular police employees once BMI gets above 27.5 kg/m2 and SMMI above 14.10 kg/m2.
Keywords: body composition, running, push-ups, sit-up
How to Cite
Each Article is an original contribution and not plagiarized/copied from any source/individual. It does not contravene on the rights of others and does not contain any libellous or unlawful statements and all references have been duly acknowledged at the appropriate places.
The article submitted only to Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science, and it has not been previously published or submitted elsewhere for publication in a copyrighted publication.
The Author hereby authorizes the journal to edit, modify and make changes in the Articles/Research paper to make it suitable for publication in Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science.
The Author hereby assigns all the copyright relating to the said Article/Research Paper to Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science.
The Author has not assigned any kind of rights to the above said Article/Research Paper to any other person/Institute/Publication.
The Author agrees to indemnify Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science against any claim legal and/or otherwise, action alleging facts which if true, constitute a beach of any of the foregoing warranties.