Evaluation of Educational School Environment and Academic Self-Evaluation of Adolescent Athletes and Non-Athletes
Background. Grigaliūnienė, Vėlavičienė, Šulga, and Keblys (2007) have revealed that meaningful relationships
with teachers are influenced by positive attitudes towards them with a good emotional atmosphere in the classroom
and a positive microclimate between pupils and teachers. Many scientists point out that education in sports activities
positively impacts the development of adolescents’ communication and collaboration with peers and adults, adequate
self-evaluation and other positive personality characteristics (Kremer-Sadlik & Kim, 2007; Ream & Rumberger,
2008). Research aim was to determine the evaluation of educational school environment and academic self-evaluation
of 11–15-year-old adolescent athletes and non-athletes.
Methods. The research was conducted in 2015. We questioned 209 adolescents, aged 11–15 years. In order to
determine adolescents’ attitudes towards school educational environment, the survey included the following scales:
“Teachers’ help for pupils”; “Support of classmates”; “Positive relationship between adolescents and school”;
“Attitude towards socioeducational school environment”; “Loneliness at school”, and “Academic self-evaluation”.
Results. The survey revealed that boys’ attitudes to socioeducational school environment resulted to be better
than that of girls (p < .05) and that younger adolescents felt more help from the teachers at school than older
adolescents (p < .05), but they also pointed out that they experienced a stronger sense of loneliness at school (p <
.05). More positive relationship was revealed between adolescent athletes and school (p < .05), but adolescent non-
athletes had a better attitude to socioeducational school environment.
Conclusion. It was found that although adolescent non-athletes had a better approach to socioeducational school
environment, their peer reported having a better link with school.
Keywords: attitude, adolescent athletes, adolescent non-athletes, feeling at school, sports activity.