Social Appearance Anxiety of Fitness Participants


  • Serdar Alemdag
  • Ceyhun Alemdag
  • Abdullah Bora Ozkara



Background. It is known that there are multiple associations between physical activity and psychology for
human health. One of these associations is social appearance anxiety. Social appearance anxiety is a feeling of
distress associated with the perceived evaluation of one’s physical self. Some individuals feel relatively little anxiety
over this perceived evaluation, while others are highly stressed. There are many studies on physical activity and
anxiety, but fewer studies on the social appearance anxiety. Therefore, the aim of this research is determining social
appearance anxiety of individuals interested in physical activity and examining it according to some variables.
Methods. The study group of the research consisted of 38 women (age = 28.53 ± 9.1 years), 190 men (age =
26.43 ± 7.78 years) from four different fitness centres, with a total number of 228 individuals. The data were collected
using Social Appearance Anxiety Scale as a data collection tool. Descriptive statistics, t test for independent groups
and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey’s multiple comparison; Kruskal-Wallis H test in the group not
normally distributed were used as statistical methods for the evaluation of data.
Results. Adolescences and those aiming at losing weight demonstrated more social appearance anxiety compared
to young adults and those aiming to keep fit.
Conclusion. It was determined that outgoing individuals demonstrated moderate levels of social appearance
anxiety towards physical activity. Social appearance anxiety of individuals did not vary according to body mass
index (BMI) and gender, but it varied in dependence age group and reasons for participating in physical activity.
Thus it is said that the variables of age and reasons for participating in physical activity are determinant attributes of
social appearance anxiety.

Keywords:  exercise, fitness, anxiety.


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How to Cite

Alemdag, S., Alemdag, C., & Ozkara, A. B. (2016). Social Appearance Anxiety of Fitness Participants. Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 3(102).



Social Sciences in Sport