Correlation between Factors of Psychological Preparation and Physical Condition and Team Performance in Latvian Youth Basketball
Topicality of the research stems out of theoretically argued and empirically proved facts, analyzing the test results of Latvian youth national basketball teams in the preparation period before the European Championship Games in 2007 and 2008. Scientific investigation of dominating factors of athletes’ psychological preparation and physical condition requires research as there is a range of discrepancies: imbalance between the increasing number of important competitions and athletes’ inability to maintain concentration for a long time at the necessary level as it affects the quality of performance; the discrepancy between players’ opinion about the cohesion level necessary in winning teams and the real situation; imbalance between the belief that psychological preparedness is one of the most important parts of the preparation process and the inability to use theory in practice. Research aim is to evaluate the correlation between the Latvian National Youth Basketball Team players’ psychological preparation and physical condition factor structure and performance. The research methods: testing, inquiry, the analysis of game score sheets; mathematical statistics. Researching team cohesion and team success (performance) in sport, A. Carron, S. Bray and M. Eys (2002) analysed whether team cohesion correlated with team success. They concluded that there was a mutual connection between team cohesion in GI-U and ATG-U scales and team success (r = 0.60 and r = 0.62 (p = 0.01)) and much attention was paid to the content of the ATG-T scale (Carron, Bray, Eys, 2002). But in the research carried out in Latvia the connection between GI-U and GI-S, and team success (performance) (r = 0.60 and r = 0.598 (p = 0.01)) was found. “Success” was characterized by ranged percentage of team wins and loses (their rank was processed with the help of SPSS programme). We suppose that the differences were determined by applying different research design or the differences in the players’ mentality. In the course of the research the criteria to evaluate the content of the factor structure elements were established and the recommendations to improve the content were developed. As a result of the factor analysis of the young basketball players’ psychological preparation and physical condition indices three factors were obtained — “team cohesion”, “physical condition and emotional stability”, and “motivation and self-regulation”. The results in the complex research in Latvian youth teams allow to make suggestions how to optimize basketball players’ training, based upon statistically significant correlation coefficients. The analysis of the results shows that working with young Latvian athletes more attention should be paid to the improvement of the players’ self-regulation skills, understanding the importance of emotions and emotional conditions in sport, as well as the development of concentration and imagination abilities and to the content of team cohesion structure characterising scale (ATG-T, GI-T, GI-S).
Keywords: team cohesion, mental stability, basketball
How to Cite
Each Article is an original contribution and not plagiarized/copied from any source/individual. It does not contravene on the rights of others and does not contain any libellous or unlawful statements and all references have been duly acknowledged at the appropriate places.
The article submitted only to Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science, and it has not been previously published or submitted elsewhere for publication in a copyrighted publication.
The Author hereby authorizes the journal to edit, modify and make changes in the Articles/Research paper to make it suitable for publication in Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science.
The Author hereby assigns all the copyright relating to the said Article/Research Paper to Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science.
The Author has not assigned any kind of rights to the above said Article/Research Paper to any other person/Institute/Publication.
The Author agrees to indemnify Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science against any claim legal and/or otherwise, action alleging facts which if true, constitute a beach of any of the foregoing warranties.