Adolescent Involvement in Sports Activities and Internalisation of Moral Values


  • Enrika Kromerova
  • Saulius Šukys



Background.  Relatively  little  knowledge  is  available  to  date  about  moral  values  among  adolescents.  As
participation  in  sports  activities  may  contribute  to  positive  youth  development,  this  study  aims  to  examine  the
relations between adolescents’ involvement in sports activities and the internalisation of their moral values. We
assessed this relationship with respect to gender as well.
Methods.  The  sample  included  385  adolescents  (192  girls  and  193  boys)  between  13  to  16  years  of  age  
(M age = 14.6, SD =1.11); 43.4% (n = 167) of the research participants were involved in competitive sports. The studied
adolescents had participated in their respective sport for an average of 2.97 (SD = 1.12) years. The internalisation of
moral values was assessed using the 24-item adolescent-report Moral Values Internalisation Questionnaire (Hardy,
Padilla-Walker, & Carlo, 2008). Four forms of value regulation were assessed (external, introjected, identified and
integrated). Overall value internalisation was also evaluated.
Results. Significant differences were found between adolescent involvement in sports activities and external
regulation (p < .05), introjected regulation (p < .01), identified regulation (p < .05) as well as integrated regulation  
(p  <  .01).  In  depth  analyses  showed  that  the  four  forms  of  value  regulations  were  higher  for  the  athletes  with
experience up to three years and tended to be lower in the group of athletes with higher sports experience. The same
relationship was established in the sample of boys, but not in that of girls.
Conclusions.  The  research  results  demonstrated  that  the  identified  regulation  manifested  more  than  other
regulations did (external, introjected and integrated). Adolescent athletes possessed higher points of moral value
internalisation  in  all  regulations  than  adolescent  non-athletes.  Nevertherless,  referring  to  sports  experience,  the
internalisation forms of moral values of adolescent athletes with more than the three-year sport experience did not
differ in comparison with those of adolescent non-athletes. Research results show that the internalisation of moral
values for adolescents with higher sports experience is lower compared to that of adolescents with lower sports

Keywords:  adolescents’ moral values, participation in sport, sports experience.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Kromerova, E., & Šukys, S. (2018). Adolescent Involvement in Sports Activities and Internalisation of Moral Values. Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 1(100).



Social Sciences in Sport