Effect of Knowledge on Pupils’ Physical Abilities
National educational institutions constantly endeavor their efforts at development of democracy and humanism. In the process of pupils’ development as a personality, a very important role for democracy appears to be school physical education, as it affords necessary knowledge and develops skills for its purposeful application both in physical education lessons and at their leisure time. However, research data show that still many pupils do not possess appropriate knowledge and skills for a conscious and purposeful choise of physical education content, as well as for grounding its application technologies by valid reasons. Searching for the answer, the object of the research was physical education knowledge, and the aim of the research was targeted at the establishment of the 10th form schoolboys’ physical education knowledge effect on the change of their physical abilities. The article provides analysis of the 10th form schoolboys’ need for physical education knowledge by their self-compiled and performed complexes of physical exercises. This need is discussed referring to General Physical Education Program and Education Standards (2003). The object of this research is a part of pupils’ physical education content and methods, and, what is most important — it is in relation with values and objectives which base school activity, as well as with contemporary physical education and self-education holistic trend. Following this attitude, the participants of the research were not stimulated for the development of maximum physical abilities, they were expected to improve their physical fitness moderately, following the guidelines established in General Program and Education Standards. The methods applied in the research were the following: analysis of literature, questionnaire survey, testing of physical abilities and statistical analysis. Having performed the educational experiment, it was established that purposeful and consistently compiled development system of physical abilities which is based on natural physical activity of a young person, his physical capacities and needs, improves attitude towards self-exercising during physical education lessons, also stimulates to achieve more knowledge from physical education teachers, and due to this increases satisfaction with physical education lessons.
The working assumption stating that personally compiled physical education exercises complex for development of their weaker physical abilities will be more effective for the improvement of attitude towards self-exercising during lessons, as well as sporting activities when the lessons are over. However, it is essential to indicate the fact that a certain part of the investigated schoolboys maintained the same low level of knowledge both before and after the experiment. Bearing this in mind, and referring to Primary and Basic Education General Programs (2008), physical education teachers should supply physical education knowledge, and pupils should perceive it and use it in a more effective way. Schoolboys of E group (carrying out the experimental program) throughout the whole experiment period exposed higher results of physical abilities compared to K group results. The better results were influenced by personal physical education and self-education motives and aims, possibility to compile physical exercises complex and perform it.
Keywords: pupils’ knowledge, effect, physical abilities.
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