Relationship between Physical Activity and Health-Related Physical Fitness in 16-Year-Old Boys
Research background and hypothesis. It is well established that regular physical activity (PA) has many
short- and long-term beneﬁ ts for children’s health. Physically active children are more physically ﬁ t than their
physically inactive counterparts. Insufﬁ cient physical ﬁ tness of adolescents is one of the risk factors for chronic
diseases and has a tendency to be carried over into adulthood.
Research aim was to examine health-related physical ﬁ tness in low, moderate and vigorous physical activity
categories among 16-year-old schoolboys.
Research methods. The participants were 155 healthy schoolboys of the 10 th grade from secondary schools
of Kaunas (Lithuania). Their physical activity was measured by a modiﬁ ed short form of the International PA
Questionnaire (IPAQ) (Craig et al., 2003). The respondents were divided in three PA categories: high (vigorous)
(VPA) (n = 43), moderate (MPA) (n = 63), and low (LPA) (n = 49). Physical ﬁ tness tests were performed to
measure participants’ ﬂ exibility (by sit-and-reach test) (Euroﬁ t, 1993), power (by vertical jump test), and muscular
strength and endurance (by modiﬁ ed push-up test) (Suni et al., 1994).
Research results. There were no signiﬁ cant differences between the boys in different PA groups in respect
of anthropometrical and body composition parameters (p > 0.05). The results of health-related physical ﬁ tness
tests were signiﬁ cantly better of the VPA group boys (p < 0.05). The total volume of PA correlated with all health-
related physical ﬁ tness components that were measured (r = 0.23–0.38, p < 0.01).
Discusion and conclussions. We may conclude that health-related physical ﬁ tness is positively related to the
total amount of physical activity in 16-year-old schoolboys.
Keywords: frequency, duration, intensity, volume, physical activity, physical fitness.
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