Bone Mineral Density and Jumping Height in Pre-Menarcheal and Post-Menarcheal Physically Active Girls
Research background and hypothesis. Jumping ability correlates well with different bone values. The skeletal
benefits of high-impact weight-bearing exercise have been shown to be greater when training is started prior to
menarche. We hypothesized that significant differences would be apparent in the relationships between bone values
and jumping height in favor of the girls’ prior menarche compared to post-menarcheal group.
Research aim. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationships between jumping height and bone
mineral density (BMD) in pre-menarcheal and post-menarcheal physically active girls.
Research methods. In total, 113 adolescent girls from different competitive extramural athletic programs
participated in this study. Femoral neck and lumbar spine BMD were measured. The heights of vertical jumps (i. e.
countermovement jump (CMJ) and rebound jumps for 15 (RJ 15 s) and 30 (RJ 30 s) seconds) were obtained.
Research results. After adjusting for major confounders (i. e. age, height, and body mass), the height of rebound
jumps correlated only with femoral neck BMD and only in pre-menarcheal group (r = 0.37–0.46; p < 0.05). No
correlations were found between BMD variables and jumping height in post-menarcheal girls. The height of CMJ
did not correlate with measured BMD variables in the studied groups.
Discussion and conclusions. Early puberty is an opportune period to increase bone adaptation to mechanical
loading due to the velocity of bone growth and endocrine changes at this time. We suggest that powerful repetitive
vertical jumping may be more beneficial to bone health compared to single jumping activities in physically active
girls prior to menarche rather than after it.
Keywords: bone health, vertical jumps, puberty.
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