Correlation of the Indicators of High Performance Women Basketball Players’ Game Characteristics with Physical Development and Physical Fitness
Research background and hypothesis. Indicators of physical fitness and physical development influence
individual performance results.
Research aim was to identify correlation between basketball performance indicators and physical development
Research methods. The basketball players (n = 12) of the Lithuanian National Women’s Basketball Team
were investigated. The performance indicators of this team were analyzed on the basis of data collected during the
European Basketball Championship. During competition period the indicators of physical development and physical
fitness of female basketball players were measured. Mathematical statistics methods were applied for the analysis of
the research data. Pearson’s correlation coefficients were applied to identify correlations among the indicators.
Research results. The correlations of the number of blocks with height, body mass, standing reach and
psychomotor response were established. This indicator of game performance was technically simple and its efficiency
was determined by good physical development and fast psychomotor reaction. The correlations of shooting percentage
of different throws with physical fitness were different.
Discussion and conclusions. The shooting percentage of 2-point field goals correlated with muscle mass, body
mass and take-off duration. This allows suggesting that a certain number of shots are performed after the physical
contact with an opponent and jumping faster during the moment of throw. No correlation was established between
3-point field goals, free throws and physical fitness indicators. This means that shooting percentage was influenced
by other factors. Steals, turnovers and passes, as complex technical and tactical actions, did not correlate with the
researched physical fitness indicators.
Keywords: shot, jump, height, block, power.
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