CONCEPT AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS OF SOCIAL SKILLS

Margarita Jurevičienė, Irena Kaffemanienė, Jonas Ruškus

Abstract


Research  background.  Though  a  variety  of  social  skill  explanations  exist,  in  essence  they  give  us  plenty
examples  of  controversial  interpretation  of  social  skill  conception  and  classification.  So,  there  is  a  problem  of
different semantic meanings in the concept of social skills and different classifications of them.
Research aims were to reveal the multidimensionality of the construct of social skills and to create a theoretical
model of their structure.
Research method was theoretical analysis.
Discussion and conclusions. After studying various explanations of social skills, we observed that not only a
great variety of their interpretations was revealed, but also there is a problem of different semantic meaning: some
authors named the same behavioral categories as social competences, others – as social skills, yet others – as social
abilities, etc.  In addition, the authors present a variety of different classifications of social skill groups and the
different structures of social skills. In this theoretical research we tried to analyze and systemize the explanations of
social skills with reference to the data of scientific research from various countries.
As a result of analysis and systemization of scientific data we offer a model of social skill structure and give
interpretation  of  social  skill  concept  as  a  multidimensional  construct  created  from  integrative,  overlapping  and
supplementing each other structural components of: 1) interaction skills; 2) communication skills; 3) participation
skills; 4) emotional skills; and 5) social cognition skills. Each component of social skills is made up of certain
behavioral abilities.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v3i86.266

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