Attitudes of Physical Education Teachers and Students towards Manifestations of Tolerance
Research background and hypothesis. In academic literature construct of tolerance has not been sufficiently
revealed, limits of tolerance are not clear, especially they vary in different cultures. There is a noticeable increase in
the number of children from various ethnic groups in Lithuanian schools. Therefore, multidimensional knowledge of
various manifestations of tolerance/intolerance is of great importance.
Research aim was to reveal attitudes of PE teachers and students towards manifestations of tolerance/intolerance.
Research methods. In our research questionnaire was applied with six groups of tolerance manifestations
distinguished altogether with 36 related statements. There were six other statements according to six groups of
tolerance manifestations for the potential behavior of participants. Validity of the questionnaire was examined
calculating Cronbach’s constant α: for the first part of the questionnaire Cronbach’s α = 0.87, and for the second –
α = 0.79. Values of χ 2 and Student’s t criterion were calculated. The sample of the research included 243 students of
IX-XII classes form regional schools, 129 students of the same age from city schools, 47 physical education teachers
from city schools and 38 teachers from regional schools.
Research results. We found statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) between positive attitudes towards
tolerance among students from city schools and positive attitudes among students from regional schools. Statistically
significant difference between positive attitudes towards tolerance for PE teachers from city schools and positive
attitudes for those from regional schools was not found (p > 0.05). However, there were statistically significant
differences between positive attitudes towards tolerance of students from city schools and PE teachers from city
schools (χ 2 (5) = 37.27; p < 0.05), also between positive attitudes towards tolerance of students from regional schools
and PE teachers from regional schools (χ 2 (5) = 37.27; p < 0.05). We found statistically significant difference (t = 3.81;
p < 0.05) between tolerance estimators of students and PE teachers from city schools. On the other hand, relevant
differences between tolerance estimators of students from city schools and from regional schools, and differences
between tolerance estimators of PE teachers from city schools and from regional schools were not found (p > 0.05).
Discussion and conclusion: in fact, attitudes towards intolerance, which are incident to the PE teachers from
city schools and their colleagues from regional schools, did not differ, but they contrasted with students’ attitudes. In
cases of intolerance manifestations, students from city schools would be more passive than students from regional
schools, but PE teachers from city schools would be more active than their students.
Keywords: tolerance, intolerance, social distance.
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