Parental Role in Children’s Sports Activities in the Context of Achievement Goal and Self- Determination Theories

Authors

  • Enrika Kromerova

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v2i105.22

Abstract

Background. Aiming at understanding what influences youth sports experiences, researchers emphasize the
significance of the role of the family not only in the decision to get engaged in sports activities, but also in the
inclination to continue the activities. The increasing emphasis is on parental involvement and the impact of positive
and negative verbal behaviour influence on the psychosocial state of children engaged in sport. The aim of this
article was a conceptual overview of the family role, as the most significant microenvironment, in children’s sports
activities.
Methods. Analysis and discussion of scientific literature.
Results. Parental behaviour entails different reactions of children engaged in sports, but on the basis of self-
determination and achievement goal theories, it can be argued that the behaviour of the family should encourage
athletes’ mastery orientation, and consequently, a more pro-social conduct and moral reasoning can be expected.
Conclusions. Systematic literature review showed that both theories are in favour of actions and strategy, with
reference to parents’ encouragement to involve children in a task, while reducing their ego functioning. It can be
concluded that parents perceive their behaviour differently from that of their children, so often parents’ positive
reinforcement  can  have  a  negative  impact  on  athletes’  psychosocial  state,  values,  behaviour  and  goal-setting  at
present and in the future.

Keywords:  sport, athletes, achievement goal theory, self-determination theory, parents’ influence.

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Published

2018-05-02

How to Cite

Kromerova, E. (2018). Parental Role in Children’s Sports Activities in the Context of Achievement Goal and Self- Determination Theories. Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 2(105). https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v2i105.22

Issue

Section

Social Sciences in Sport