Metabolism Analysis in Mice with Reduced Citrate Synthase Activity
Background. Citrate synthase (CS) plays an important role in the regulation of carbohydrate oxidation.
Variation in citrate synthase activity has an influence on metabolic changes. We tested the hypothesis that reduced
mitochondrial CS activity could affect energy expenditure (EE) and respiratory quotient (RQ) in mouse model with
an emphasizing on gender differences between tested strains.
Methods. 16-week of age wild-type C57Bl/6J (B6) mouse strain, B6.A-(rs3676616-D10Utsw1)/Kjn (B6.A) and
C57BL/6J-Chr 10A/J/NaJ (B6.A10) strains with reduced CS activity were studied in physiocage by the “Panlab”
metabolism analysing equipment. The following parameters were calculated: EE (ml/min/kg^0.75), RQ, physical
activity and rearing.
Results. In female mice EE values were lower in B6.A10 strain compared to wild-type B6 strain. RQ values
were similar in all tested mouse strains. In B6 mice EE was higher in females compared to males. Rearing was
elevated in females of B6 mice compared to males.
Conclusions. EE was lower in B6.A10 compared to B6 mice. Gender differences were noticed only in B6 mice:
EE and rearing were significantly higher in female compared to male mice. Current study did not reveal any other
association between reduced CS activity and EE or RQ variation in male and female mice.
Keywords: energy expenditure, respiratory quotient, physical activity, gender effect.
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