Effect of General Versus Specialized Exercises on Movement Control of Lumbo- Pelvic Region in Subjects with Chronic Low Back Pain
Research background and hypothesis. Low back pain is a huge problem in the world. One of the main reasons
why the low back pain problems arise is lumbo-pelvic motor control dysfunction. Specialized exercises are the basis
of physical therapy for low back pain patients. Hypothesis: specialized exercises can be more effective for movement
control of lumbo-pelvic region in subjects with chronic low back pain.
Research aim was to assess the effect of general versus specialized exercises for movement control of lumbo-
pelvic region in subjects with chronic low back pain.
Research methods. The study involved 60 subjects with chronic low back pain, 29 women and 31 men, aged
21.5 years on average. All subjects were submitted to the Low Back Pain Duration and Beacke Habitual Physical
Activity Assessment questionnaires (Baecke et al., 1982). Lumbo-pelvic motion control was evaluated by six
Hannu Luomajoki movement control tests (Luomajoki et al., 2008). Specialized and general training programs were
prescribed and performed under supervision of physical therapist. Video materials expert analysis was used for the
evaluation of the study data.
Research results. The results showed that a specialized training program was more effective than general
exercises in improving movement control in lumbo-pelvic region for patients with low back pain.
Discussion and conclusions. General exercise training program for general exercise group had no effect for all
test results. Specialized exercise training program results showed that lumbo-pelvic movement control improved in
five of the six control tests (p < 0.05).
Keywords: motor control, physical therapy program, stability, mobility.
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