Acute Effects of Customizing a Tennis Racket on Serve Speed

Mustafa Söğüt


Background. A vast number of tennis players use additional lead weights attached to their rackets in order to
improve stroke performances. However, there is limited evidence that racket customization as such boosts efficiency
in different age and performance levels. The purpose of this repeated measures design  study was to determine the
acute effects of adding weight to the tip of a racket on serve speed in tennis players.
Methods. Participants were male tennis players from three different age and performance levels: elite junior (n =
7, age = 15.71 ± 0.95 years), colligate (n = 11, age = 22.36 ± 2.54 years), and senior recreational (n = 17, age = 52.94 ±
9.43 years). Three identical rackets, two of which were customized by adding ten and twenty gram lead weights on
the tips, were used for the measurements. A radar gun was utilized to assess serve speed of the participants.
Results. The repeated measures ANOVA results revealed no significant differences among serve speed scores
for the three conditions in each group.
Conclusion.  Results  suggest  that  customizing  a  tennis  racket  by  adding  lead  weight  to  the  tip  might  not
necessarily yield differences in serve speeds in tennis players from different age and performance levels.

Keywords:  racket customization, serve speed, tennis.


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