Differences in Muscle Strength of the Dominant and Non-Dominant Leg of High Performance Female Athletes

Authors

  • Roberta Sadauskaitė Zarembienė
  • Renata Žumbakytė Šermukšnienė
  • Mantas Mickevičius

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v1i88.148

Abstract

Research  background  and  hypothesis.  According  research  literature,  the  imbalance  of  hip  muscles  in  the
dominant and non-dominant leg can cause wear and tear of the knee joint or tendinitis. Therefore the study was
carried out to determine whether there were differences in muscle strength and if muscle differences had influence  
on knee joints of dominant and non-dominant legs for high performance women athletes.
Research aim was to compare muscle strength of knee flexor, extensor and hip abductor, adductor muscles of
the dominant and non-dominant legs for high performance female athletes.
Research methods. There were 53 high performance female athletes participating in the study, whose maximum
strength of flexor and extensor muscles of knee, as well as abductor and adductor muscles of hip had been measured
using a dynamometer MMT – Manual Muscle Tester.
Research results. The strength of flexor and extensor muscles of knee of the non-dominant leg was significantly
higher than that of the dominant leg. There was no statistically significant difference in strength of abductor and
adductor muscles of the dominant and non-dominant leg.
Discussion and conclusions. The strength of flexor and extensor muscles of knee of non-dominating leg for
high performance female athletes was significantly greater than muscle strength of the dominant leg. There was no
statistically significant difference in the strength of the abductor and adductor muscles of hip of the dominant and
non-dominant leg. It is advisable to develop exercises to strengthen these muscle groups in order to prevent knee
injury in the future.

Keywords: knee flexors, knee extensors, hip abductors, hip adduction.

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Published

2018-05-04

How to Cite

Zarembienė, R. S., Šermukšnienė, R. Žumbakytė, & Mickevičius, M. (2018). Differences in Muscle Strength of the Dominant and Non-Dominant Leg of High Performance Female Athletes. Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 1(88). https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v1i88.148

Issue

Section

Sports Physiology