Nutritional Status and Physical Development of High-Performance Combat Athletes in Lithuania

Authors

  • Marius Baranauskas
  • Linas Tubelis
  • Rimantas Stukas
  • Edmundas Švedas
  • Laimutė Samsonienė
  • Diana Karanauskienė

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v3i94.122

Abstract

Background. Adequate nutrition is inseparable from athletes’ optimal physical development and achieved sports
performance.  Preparing  for  the  Olympic  Games  athletes’  nutrition  must  meet  certain  requirements.  Only  under
appropriate nutrition conditions athletes are enabled to maximize their adaptation to physical loads.  Hypothesis:
nutrition of Lithuanian high performance athletes in combat sports is adequate. Research aim was to assess nutrition
profile and physical development of Lithuanian high performance athletes in combat sports.
Methods.  During  the  competition  preparation  period  of  2012,  the  actual  diets  of  Lithuanian  elite  boxers
(n = 14), and the Greco-Roman wrestlers (n = 29) were tested and evaluated. Body composition parameters and
physical development of combat athletes were assessed using BIA tetra - polar electrode method. Athletes’ actual
diets were established using the actual dietary survey method.
Results. Muscle and fat mass indexes of boxers and Greco-Roman wrestlers, 7.5 ± 3.8 and 5.4 ± 2.0 respectively,
show that effective complex preparation measures ensure optimal body condition status of athletes. Nevertheless, the
diets of combat sport athletes do not meet the requirements:  irrational use of proteins, not enough carbohydrates and
polyunsaturated fatty acids, including omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins D, B 1 , PP, minerals, manganese,
zinc, calcium and copper, too much intake of fat, saturated fatty acids and cholesterol.  
Conclusion.  The  existing  diets  of  Lithuanian  elite  combat  sports  athletes  cannot  ensure  their  maximal
adaptation to physical loads and must be optimized, individualized and adjusted, adding dietary supplements with
extra carbohydrates, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and in exceptional cases, nutritional supplements with  essential amino acids.

Keywords: high sports performance, combat sports, boxing, Greco-Roman wrestling, athlete nutrition, nutrition profle.

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Published

2018-05-04

How to Cite

Baranauskas, M., Tubelis, L., Stukas, R., Švedas, E., Samsonienė, L., & Karanauskienė, D. (2018). Nutritional Status and Physical Development of High-Performance Combat Athletes in Lithuania. Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 3(94). https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v3i94.122

Issue

Section

Sports Coaching