KINETICS OF PULMONARY VENTILATION AND CARBON DIOXIDE OUTPUT DURING INTERMITTENT INCREASING CYCLING EXERCISE AFTER A PRIOR ANAEROBIC LOAD

Loreta Stasiulė, Sandrija Čapkauskienė

Abstract


Background. Research aim was to establish the influence of a prior anaerobic load on the kinetics of ventilation
(V E )  and  carbon  dioxide  output  (VCO 2 )  during  on-  and  off-transition  phases  of  intermittent  increasing  cycling
exercise.
Methods. The seven healthy, physically active females volunteered to estimate the influence of a prior anaerobic
load on the kinetics of respiratory parameters. During the first visit VO 2 max was evaluated using the increasing
cycling  exercise  test.  During  the  second  testing  the  participants  performed  intermittent  cycling  exercise  (ICE).
During the other visit they performed supramaximal 30 s anaerobic exercise and after 15 min of the rest – ICE. In
order to estimate the kinetics of respiratory parameters were analysed by adopting mono-exponential function.
Results. Mean blood lactate concentration was increased during ICE performed after prior anaerobic load in
the presence of a residual metabolic acidosis. The asymptote and amplitude of monoexponential function reflecting
VCO 2  kinetics during on- and off-transitions were not changed after prior anaerobic load. The time constant of this
function was significantly longer (p  < .01) both during on- and off-transitions at work rate below lactate threshold
(LT), whereas this parameter at higher work intensities remained unchanged. The parameters of V E  monoexponential
function during on- and off-transitions were not changed after prior anaerobic load.
Conclusion. Despite similar physiological mechanism responsible for V E  and CO 2  regulation during exercise
the prior anaerobic load had different influence on the ventilation and VCO 2  kinetics during exercise below lactate
threshold causing slowing of VCO 2  without changes of V E  kinetics.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v2i93.118

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