Postural Disorders in Young Athletes

Authors

  • Jelena Solovjova
  • Imants Upitis
  • Juris Grants
  • Joy Jarvie Kalmikovs

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v1i92.111

Abstract

Research background and hypothesis. Athletes across all sports face sports injuries stemming from the overuse
of specific muscle groups for that particular sport. It was hypothesised that athletes from each sport would show
similar muscular-skeletal changes allowing a postural stereotype for each sport to be allocated.
The aim of this study was to determine the peculiarities of postural changes of young athletes in accordance with
postural tone and phasic contraction muscles.
Research methods. The participants of this study were 92 young Latvian athletes aged 14–17 and having different
preparation level, i. e. 20 swimmers, 20 ice-hockey players and 19 basketball players, 17 handball players and 16
cyclists. Tests were  completed using  methods of visual diagnostics (Васильева, 1996)  and muscular  functional
testing (Kendall, M. O., Kendall, F. P., 1982).
Research results. The lower cross syndrome is a common feature for athletes of sports requiring complicated
coordination at high rates of workloads on lower extremities. Individual decline from a neutral posture in the sagittal
plane is a characteristic feature for individuals of various kinds of sport due to overload of some muscle groups.
Discussion  and  conclusions.  The  presence  of  a  postural  stereotype  indicates  that  these  muscular-skeletal
changes are beneficial to athletes. How much benefit the athletes gain from these postural changes before injury
occurs, is open to debate. It is purposeful to distinguish muscles according to their tone to postural and contracting
muscles. The postural muscles that form posture have rather high tone, but if these muscles are overloaded, the tone
pathologically increases and the muscle cannot contract nor relax effectively enough to allow the antagonist to work.

Keywords: sport event specifics, postural stereotypes, functional postural changes.

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Published

2018-05-04

How to Cite

Solovjova, J., Upitis, I., Grants, J., & Kalmikovs, J. J. (2018). Postural Disorders in Young Athletes. Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 1(92). https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v1i92.111

Issue

Section

Health, Rehabilitation and Adapted Physical Activity