Mothers’ Physical Activity in the New Millennium: A Systematic Review of the Literature
Background. Physical activity is essential for health, especially in an increasingly sedentary world. Being a parent involves responsibilities that could interfere with mothers’ physical activity. Research suggests that mothers are especially vulnerable to physical inactivity. Health promoters invest substantial effort in facilitating the physical activity of women with children.
Methods. The scope of this systematic literature review is to synthesize research efforts on mothers’ physical activity and supporting interventions. Three databases were scrutinized in this review (Medline, Scopus, and PsycINFO). Articles published between 2000–2020 were selected in concordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA). Fifty-four eligible articles were included after screening 3708 articles.
Results. The results suggest that mothers exhibit lower levels of physical activity than the recommended level for adults. Lack of time, focus on childcare, limited knowledge, and insufficient spousal support emerge as the primary barriers to physical activity in mothers with children. Interventions trying to overcome these barriers vary in methods, evaluations, and effectiveness. Positive changes in mothers’ physical activity may emerge if interventions focus on increasing self-efficacy, problem-solving, goal setting, and other cognitive factors.
Conclusion. Future interventions integrating internet-based applications and involving spouses and/or partners might help mothers to increase their physical activity.
Keywords: exercise, health behavior, motherhood, sedentary, women.
How to Cite
Each Article is an original contribution and not plagiarized/copied from any source/individual. It does not contravene on the rights of others and does not contain any libellous or unlawful statements and all references have been duly acknowledged at the appropriate places.
The article submitted only to Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science, and it has not been previously published or submitted elsewhere for publication in a copyrighted publication.
The Author hereby authorizes the journal to edit, modify and make changes in the Articles/Research paper to make it suitable for publication in Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science.
The Author hereby assigns all the copyright relating to the said Article/Research Paper to Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science.
The Author has not assigned any kind of rights to the above said Article/Research Paper to any other person/Institute/Publication.
The Author agrees to indemnify Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Science against any claim legal and/or otherwise, action alleging facts which if true, constitute a beach of any of the foregoing warranties.