ORGANIZATION OF LEISURE FOR THE DISABLED PERSONS IN INSTITUTIONS PROVIDING SOCIAL SERVICES

Jūratė Požerienė, Giedrius Leleika, Vytautas Kailius

Santrauka


ackground of the research.The reason ofsocial exclusion ofthe disabled in the society isthe negative attitudesof theable-bodiedtowards people with disabilities, and theirbehaviouraccording to this attitude. Social integrationisassociatedwithenvironment’s ability to tolerate the disabled. Successfulleisure and recreationaresomeofmostsignificantfactorsforthesocialization and integrationof the disabled,whichmakes it possible to establish socialcontactsandincreasepersonalself-esteem.Untilnow, according totheinformation available to us,there is not muchresearchdealing withthesocial and recreational servicesforthe disabledinthecommunity and specialists providingsuchservices.The aim of the studywastoanalysethe leisure services for people with disabilities,theirstructureand a contingentof specialistsproviding leisure and recreation services in social institutions.Methods of the study.Institutions providing social and recreational services for people with disabilities andthecontingent of the professionals who provide services wereanalysedin the study.Research included264 institutions. Theinformation aboutthe available servicesas well as access to informationwasassessedon websites of theselected institutions.The informationwasread,systematized,and analysed. At the end of the analysis, therewere 83 non-governmentalorganizations belonging to the institutions providing social and recreational services for the disabled, and theywere selectedfor filling inanonymous questionnaires. The questionnaire consisted of 12 closed questionswhichaimed atclarifyingthetype of services provided bytheinstitution,activitiesforpersons with disabilities andthecontingent ofprofessionalsworking in thefield.The questionnairehad2 open questionsin order toclarifytheorganization problemsregarding theleisure forpersons with disabilities.Of all thequestionnaires,32werereturned.Resultsof the study.Socialservices areprovidedto people with vision,hearing, intellectualand movement(motility)disabilitiesintheinvestigated institutions. Most institutions (93.75%)providegeneralsocial services, andonly 56.25% of the investigatedinstitutionsprovideleisure activities services for people with disabilities. The biggestproblem is thedeficiency offinancial institutions (funds) and because of that institutions are not able to recruitqualified professionals. The institutions point out thattheydonot have enough space andequipmenttoorganizeactive leisure for persons with disabilities.Keywords:disabled persons, social services, leisure.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33607/elt.v1i9.238

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