TOURISM AS AN INTENSIFIER OF NATIONAL ECONOMY

Yelena Popova

Santrauka


Grounding of research.Tourismis determined as travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes.The World Tourism Organisation (WTO) definestouristsas people “travelling to and staying in places outsidetheir usual environment for not more than one consecutive year forleisure, business and other purposes”(UNWTOTechnical Manual, 1995).Nowadays tourism is perceived as a mass phenomenon of the contemporary life, penetrating allspheres of it, capable of changing the economic, social and cultural environment and surrounding world. Todaythe concept of tourism is much wider than the above presented definition. Practically it is a global aggregateof relations and unity of connections and events following the tourist in his/her travel.Researchproblems.Tourism acts as asocial-economic development of the catalyst, so important forthe development of this activity. The article also deals withthe use of modern technology, the analysis ofeconomic and social indicators.The aim of researchwasto analyse the functioning ofthe tourism as an industry of national economy.Research methods.The article employedtheoretical analysis, synthesisandsecondary statisticalanalysis method.Thework analyzedthe statisticsof thedevelopment of the tourism sectorprovided bytheWorld Tourism Organization.Conclusions.Tourism combines economic, social, educational, cultural,aestheticfactors. Tourism issubjected to influence from political and economic situation, it depends on such factors as fashion andadvertisement, which determine the demand for tourism via impact on population needs, interests, spirit,forming human habits and priorities. The innovations in the field of tourism have a particularly important rolefor the economic development of the country. Tourism companies in the market economy are increasinglyrecognising the needfordeveloping new products and services capable of generating additional economicbenefits.The development and accordingly the return on tourism greatly depend on the level of economicdevelopment of the country and on the willingness of government to heavily invest in this industry.Keywords:tourism industry, international tourism,economic development, revenue.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33607/elt.v1i7.228

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