Развитие экологического туризма в сельской местности с привлечением домашних хозяйств к производству туристского продукта

Владимир Николашин, Бирута Швагждиене


New social-economic circumstances – market relations and stabilization of living level for the larger part
of population demanded other attitude to the households, thus why today large attention is paid to the economic
and behavioral moments in the research. According to this households are seen as one of the most important
subjects in the economy on which results depends the welfare of each family and whole society. Nowadays it is
more  important  than  earlier  to  evaluate  the  living  level  and  welfare  of  society  in  general  and  as  a  separate
household,  their  material  and  social  demographical  groups.  The  relevance  of  the  research  is  based  on  the
growing importance of eco-tourism in the world and in the Russian Federation due to the development of this
type of tourism and also due to the level of households economic development in rural area.
Scientific innovation. The determination of the most socially and economically important features of
households in the development of eco-tourism in rural areas is implemented as methods of adapting to the new
conditions,  as  well  as  the  development  of  a  comprehensive  theoretical  and  practical  evidence-based
recommendations for the development of the households in rural areas in the market eco-tourism services based
on the analysis of economic practices, summarizing the literature, the study of foreign experience, identifying
ways and sources of growth in key indicators of tourist activity of households.
Practical innovation. Methods and approaches developed in this work could be recommended for use
in the formation of regional and local strategic programs for the development of eco-tourism what will promote
economic  growth  and  improve  the  quality  of  life  of  the  rural  population  of  Russia.  Scientific  statements,
conclusions  and  recommendations  formulated  in  this  work  could  be  used  by  the  executive  authorities  in  the
federal, regional and local levels to include complex programs in the development of practical measures in order
to improve the quality of life of the rural population and ensure the conditions for a healthy lifestyle. The aim of
the study is to develop methodological principles of eco-tourism development strategy in Russia, improving the
economic performance of individual regions without alternative opportunities to improve the quality of life of
the rural population and the level of environmental culture. Main trend is to improve the structure and efficiency
of public investments in market innovations for the development of eco-tourism with the state support.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33607/elt.v1i1.185


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